Sensitive analysis of blood for amodiaquine and three metabolites by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection

J Chromatogr. 1986 Dec 19;383(2):375-86. doi: 10.1016/s0378-4347(00)83483-0.


A high-performance liquid chromatographic method using oxidative electrochemical detection has been developed for selective and sensitive quantification of the antimalarial drug amodiaquine and three of its metabolites in the blood of dosed individuals. The method requires only one extraction step and has detection limits of 1 ng/ml for amodiaquine and its metabolites desethylamodiaquine and bisdesethylamodiaquine and 3 ng/ml for 2-hydroxydesethylamodiaquine. Minor modification of the mobile phase preserves the chromatographic separation and allows ultraviolet spectroscopic detection, which, although appreciably less sensitive, permits monitoring of levels of amodiaquine and the three metabolites in blood and urine samples if an electrochemical detector is unavailable. Levels of amodiaquine and the three metabolites were determined for two volunteers undergoing a nine-week chemoprophylactic regimen in connection with travel to a malarious area. Data are included to compare the in vitro antimalarial activities against three strains of Plasmodium falciparum of amodiaquine and the three metabolites considered.

MeSH terms

  • Amodiaquine / blood*
  • Amodiaquine / metabolism
  • Amodiaquine / pharmacology
  • Biotransformation
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Drug Stability
  • Drug Storage
  • Electrochemistry
  • Humans
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Male
  • Plasmodium falciparum / drug effects
  • Solvents
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet


  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Solvents
  • Amodiaquine