Artificial neural network-genetic algorithm-based optimization of aerobic composting process parameters of Ganoderma lucidum residue

Bioresour Technol. 2022 Aug;357:127248. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2022.127248. Epub 2022 Apr 29.


The rapid development of traditional Chinese medicine enterprises has put forward higher requirements for the resource utilization of traditional Chinese medicine residues (TCMR). Aerobic composting of TCMR to prepare bio-organic fertilizer is an effective resource utilization method. In this study, a back-propagation artificial neural network (BPNN) model using composting factors as inputs (C/N, initial moisture content, type of inoculant, composting days) and the humic acid content as the output was constructed based on the orthogonal test data. BPNN-GA (a genetic algorithm) was used for extreme value optimization, and the optimal composting process parameter combination was obtained and verified. The results show that the combination of orthogonal testing and BPNN can effectively establish the relationship between the composting process parameters and humic acid content. The R2 value was 0. 9064. The optimized parameter combination is as follows: C/N,37.42; moisture content,69.76%; bacteria,no; and composting time,50 d.

Keywords: Artificial neural network model; Composting process conditions; Ganoderma Lucidum residue; Humic acid; Orthogonal design.

MeSH terms

  • Composting*
  • Fertilizers
  • Humic Substances / analysis
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Reishi*
  • Soil


  • Fertilizers
  • Humic Substances
  • Soil