2D MBenes: A Novel Member in the Flatland

Adv Mater. 2022 Jun;34(23):e2108840. doi: 10.1002/adma.202108840. Epub 2022 May 3.


2D MBenes, early transition metal borides, are a very recent derivative of ternary or quaternary transition metal boride (MAB) phases and represent a new member in the flatland. Although holding great potential toward various applications, mainly theoretical knowledge about their potential properties is available. Theoretical calculations and preliminary experimental attempts demonstrate their rich chemistry, excellent reactivity, mechanical strength/stability, electrical conductivity, transition properties, and energy harvesting possibility. Compared to MXenes, MBenes' structure appears to be more complex due to multiple crystallographic arrangements, polymorphism, and structural transformations. This makes their synthesis and subsequent delamination into single flakes challenging. Overcoming this bottleneck will enable a rational control over MBenes' material-structure-property relationship. Innovations in MBenes' postprocessing approaches will allow for the design of new functional systems and devices with multipurpose functionalities thus opening a promising paradigm for the conscious design of high-performance 2D materials.

Keywords: 2D structures; MAB phases; MBenes; nanolaminated; transition metal borides.