Diabetes Incidence Among Hispanic/Latino Adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Diabetes Care. 2022 Jun 2;45(6):1482-1485. doi: 10.2337/dc21-1543.


Objective: To examine diabetes incidence in a diverse cohort of U.S. Hispanic/Latinos.

Research design and methods: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos is a prospective cohort study with participants aged 18-74 years from four U.S. metropolitan areas. Participants were assessed for diabetes at the baseline examination (2008-2011), annually via telephone interview, and at a second examination (2014-2017).

Results: A total of 11,619 participants returned for the second examination. The overall age-adjusted diabetes incidence rate was 22.1 cases/1,000 person-years. The incidence was high among those with Puerto Rican and Mexican backgrounds as well as those aged ≥45 years and with a BMI ≥30 kg/m2. Significant differences in diabetes awareness, treatment, and health insurance coverage, but not glycemic control, were observed across Hispanic/Latino background groups, age groups, and BMI categories.

Conclusions: Differences in diabetes incidence by Hispanic/Latino background, age, and BMI suggest the susceptibility of these factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus* / epidemiology
  • Hispanic or Latino*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence
  • Prospective Studies
  • Public Health
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology