Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for noncommunicating hydrocephalus by vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia: A case report

Surg Neurol Int. 2022 Apr 22:13:166. doi: 10.25259/SNI_1041_2021. eCollection 2022.


Background: Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia (VBD) is a vasculopathy characterized by the elongation, widening, and tortuosity of a cerebral artery. Rarely, hydrocephalus results when the extended basilar artery impairs communication of the cerebral ventricle and cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. We experienced such a case when a patient underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for noncommunicating hydrocephalus with VBD.

Case description: A 54-year-old man presented with cognitive dysfunction and was diagnosed with VBD by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Seven years later, he exhibited subacute impaired consciousness due to acute noncommunicating hydrocephalus, undergoing external ventricular drainage (EVD) that improved consciousness. After EVD removal, the noncommunicating hydrocephalus did not recur; however, 7 months later, subacute consciousness impairment due to noncommunicating hydrocephalus was again observed. MRI showed a significant dilation of both lateral ventricles and ballooning of the third ventricle while the right posterior cerebral artery shifted slightly posteriorly. The patient underwent ETV and clinical symptoms improved. One year after the treatment, MRI observed a patent ETV fenestration and no deleterious changes in clinical symptoms were observed.

Conclusion: ETV can be an effective treatment for the noncommunicating hydrocephalus with VBD when performed with preoperative assessment of vascular anatomy and attention to vascular injury.

Keywords: Countercurrent pulsation; Endoscopic third ventriculostomy; Non-communicating hydrocephalus; Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports