Background and purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of dynamic tumor tracking-stereotactic body radiotherapy (DTT-SBRT) for lung tumors.
Materials and methods: Patients with cStage I primary lung cancer or metastatic lung cancer with an expected range of respiratory motion of ≥10 mm were eligible for the study. The prescribed dose was 50 Gy in four fractions. A gimbal-mounted linac was used for DTT-SBRT delivery. The primary endpoint was local control at 2 years.
Results: Forty-eight patients from four institutions were enrolled in this study. Forty-two patients had primary non-small-cell lung cancer, and six had metastatic lung tumors. DTT-SBRT was delivered for 47 lesions in 47 patients with a median treatment time of 28 min per fraction. The median respiratory motion during the treatment was 13.7 mm (range: 4.5-28.1 mm). The motion-encompassing method was applied for the one remaining patient due to the poor correlation between the abdominal wall and tumor movement. The median follow-up period was 32.3 months, and the local control at 2 years was 95.2% (lower limit of the one-sided 85% confidence interval [CI]: 90.3%). The overall survival and progression-free survival at 2 years were 79.2% (95% CI: 64.7%-88.2%) and 75.0% (95% CI: 60.2%-85.0%), respectively. Grade 3 toxicity was observed in one patient (2.1%) with radiation pneumonitis. Grade 4 or 5 toxicity was not observed.
Conclusion: DTT-SBRT achieved excellent local control with low incidences of severe toxicities in lung tumors with respiratory motion.
Keywords: Dynamic tumor tracking; Lung tumor; Phase II study; Respiratory motion; Stereotactic body radiotherapy.
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