TRIM47 is a novel endothelial activation factor that aggravates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in mice via K63-linked ubiquitination of TRAF2

Signal Transduct Target Ther. 2022 May 6;7(1):148. doi: 10.1038/s41392-022-00953-9.


Endothelial activation plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of sepsis-induced acute lung injury, however, the detailed regulatory mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we reported that TRIM47, an E3 ubiquitin ligase of the tripartite motif-containing protein family, was highly expressed in vascular endothelial cells. TRIM47-deficient mice were effectively resistant to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury and death by attenuating pulmonary inflammation. TRIM47 was upregulated during TNFα-induced endothelial activation in vitro. Knockdown of TRIM47 in endothelial cells inhibited the transcription of multiple pro-inflammatory cytokines, reduced monocyte adhesion and the expression of adhesion molecules, and suppressed the secretion of IL-1β and IL-6 in endothelial cells. By contrast, overexpression of TRIM47 promoted inflammatory response and monocyte adhesion upon TNFα stimulation. In addition, TRIM47 was able to activate the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways during endothelial activation. Furthermore, our experiments revealed that TRIM47 resulted in endothelial activation by promoting the K63-linked ubiquitination of TRAF2, a key component of the TNFα signaling pathway. Taken together, our studies demonstrated that TRIM47 as a novel activator of endothelial cells, promoted LPS-induced pulmonary inflammation and acute lung injury through potentiating the K63-linked ubiquitination of TRAF2, which in turn activates NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways to trigger an inflammatory response in endothelial cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Lung Injury* / chemically induced
  • Acute Lung Injury* / genetics
  • Animals
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharides / metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharides / toxicity
  • Mice
  • NF-kappa B / genetics
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Pneumonia* / metabolism
  • TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 2 / genetics
  • TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 2 / metabolism
  • Tripartite Motif Proteins / genetics
  • Tripartite Motif Proteins / metabolism
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / genetics
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / genetics
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism
  • Ubiquitination


  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • NF-kappa B
  • TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 2
  • TRAF2 protein, mouse
  • Tripartite Motif Proteins
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases