Outcomes of pleurectomy decortication in patients with biphasic mesothelioma

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 Nov;164(5):1340-1348.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2022.01.054. Epub 2022 Mar 30.


Objective: There are limited small, single-institution observational studies on the role of surgery in patients with biphasic mesothelioma. Herein we report a series of 147 consecutive patients with biphasic mesothelioma treated over 11 years in a high-volume single institution with intended pleurectomy decortication (PDC).

Methods: All patients with biphasic mesothelioma from 2007 to 2017 who underwent PDC in our institution were included and clinical, pathologic, and surgical information was retrieved. Kaplan-Meier estimators and log rank test were used to compare the overall survival, and Cox regression models were used to analyzed prognostic factors.

Results: There were 117 men (80%), 99 right-sided operations (67%), and median age was 70 (range, 36-86) years. Neoadjuvant therapy was given to 36 (24.5%) and 108 (73.5%) received intraoperative heated chemotherapy. Macroscopic complete resection was achieved in 126 (86%). Tumors were assigned to stages IA (23; 18.8%), IB (60; 47.5%) II (15; 11.5%), IIIA (17; 13.1%), and IIIB (11; 9%) according to the eighth edition of the tumor-node-metastasis classification of malignant tumors. The 30- and 90-day mortality were 1.3% and 6.1%, respectively. The median overall survival in the macroscopic complete resection group was 16.7 months and 24 months in patients younger than 70 years. In a univariate analysis, factors that were associated with patient overall survival included age (P = .001), preoperative percentage forced expiratory volume in 1 second (P = .019), and adjuvant therapy (P < .001). No correlation was found between sex, neoadjuvant therapy, and nodal status to overall survival.

Conclusions: In selected patients with biphasic mesothelioma and good prognostic factors prolonged survival after PDC is expected.

Keywords: biphasic mesothelioma; macroscopic complete resection; malignant pleural mesothelioma; pleurectomy decortication.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Male
  • Mesothelioma*
  • Mesothelioma, Malignant*
  • Pleural Neoplasms*
  • Pneumonectomy / adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome