Echocardiographic characteristics of patients with antisynthetase syndrome

Pulm Circ. 2022 Apr 27;12(2):e12084. doi: 10.1002/pul2.12084. eCollection 2022 Apr.


Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension (PH) occurs in approximately one-third of patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and is associated with reduced 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), and increased hospitalizations and mortality. Although the impact of RV dysfunction and PH has been well described in several types of ILD, data is scarce on antisynthetase syndrome. Therefore, we sought to examine the presence of RV dysfunction and PH in patients with antisynthetase syndrome and the impact on clinical outcomes. We conducted a retrospective study of patients with antisynthetase syndrome. Seventy-five subjects were identified. Fifty-one (68%) subjects had echocardiographic data. Patients were grouped into those with normal fractional area change (FAC) ≥ 35% and reduced FAC < 35%. Clinical, echocardiographic, and right heart catheterization data were compared between the two groups. Subjects with FAC < 35% had lower diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (29% vs. 47%, p = 0.004), fibrotic features on computed tomography of the chest (79% vs. 33%, p = 0.005), larger RV diameter (5.4 vs. 3.9 cm, p < 0.001), higher right atrial pressures (8 vs. 5 mmHg, p = 0.02), and required supplemental oxygen more frequently (100% vs. 44%, p < 0.001) compared to those with FAC ≥ 35%. We found no difference in 6MWD and hospitalizations between the two groups. The presence of RV dysfunction in antisynthetase syndrome may identify patients at risk of poor outcomes.

Keywords: antisynthetase syndrome; echocardiography; pulmonary hypertension; right ventricular dysfunction.