Untreated obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism

Thromb Res. 2022 Jun:214:87-92. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2022.04.017. Epub 2022 May 1.


There is a paucity of data examining the prognostic significance of untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in hemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). This prospective cohort study enrolled consecutive non-hypotensive patients with acute PE who underwent an overnight sleep study within 48 h after diagnosis. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on apnea-hypopnea index (AHI): OSA (AHI ≥15) and non-OSA (AHI <15) groups. The study used a composite of fatal or nonfatal cardiovascular events, including PE-related death, other cardiovascular deaths, clinical deterioration requiring an escalation of treatment, recurrent venous thromboembolism, acute myocardial infarction, or stroke within 30-days after the diagnosis of PE as the primary outcome. Between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2020, 283 eligible patients were prospectively enrolled in 2 academic hospitals, of whom 268 patients completed a sleep study within 7 days of PE diagnosis. OSA was found in 47% (95% confidence interval [CI], 41 to 54%) of patients. The primary outcome occurred in 13 (4.9%) patients within 30-days after the diagnosis of PE. The crude incidence of the composite was not significantly different in the OSA than the non-OSA group (30-day estimate, 6.3% versus 3.5%; P = 0.30). OSA did not significantly predict the incidence of the primary outcome after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen saturation (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.67-6.87). In this study, untreated OSA was not a significant multivariable predictor of adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute PE.

Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea; Prognosis; Pulmonary embolism.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Humans
  • Polysomnography
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pulmonary Embolism* / diagnosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive* / complications
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive* / diagnosis
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive* / epidemiology