In recent years, kitchen oily wastewater has received much attention because of its harmful effects on the ecological environment. Therefore, separation of oil from kitchen oily wastewater has become an urgent issue. In this study, this problem could be solved using polyester fabrics covered with cupric hydroxide and cellulose. The functional fabric was obtained by the dipping-rolling-drying process which is an easy and practical way to prepare the fabric and could improve the hydrophilicity of polyester. The functional polyester fabric could separate oil/water mixtures completely under the force of gravity with a high water flux of 2079 L m-2 h-1-3620 L m-2 h-1 and high separation efficiency of 99.6%. Because kitchen oily wastewater contains floating oil and emulsified oil, we also tested the separation of oil-in-water emulsions. The functional polyester fabric could successfully separate the emulsions with the water flux of 1210 L m-2 h-1-2018 L m-2 h-1 and a separation efficiency of 99.0%. Moreover, the water flux and separation efficiency of functional polyester fabric remained unchanged after the immersion in salt, alkali, and acid solutions, indicating that the functional polyester fabric exhibited commendable environmental stability. The oil in Chongqing Street Noodles soup with a high oil content was separated to simulate real-life oil/water separation, confirming that the functional polyester fabric could be applied to the treatment of kitchen oily wastewater.
Keywords: Cellulose; Cuprammonium solution; Kitchen oily wastewater; Oil/water separation; Special wettability.
Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.