Spinal Cord Stimulation: A Psychiatric Perspective

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2022 May;33(2):335-357. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2022.01.003.


The rapid development of neuromodulation specifically as it pertains to spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has ushered in an era of new and novel waveforms and programming methodologies. Accompanying this evolution has been a significant investment in clinical trials and outcomes-based research solidifying the foundation of SCS while investing in future indications and therapy expansion. Critically evaluating the existing literature to apply these therapies diligently remains vital to the future of neuromodulation.

Keywords: Neuromodulation; Paresthesia-free waveforms; Spinal cord stimulation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Pain* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation* / methods
  • Treatment Outcome