Assessment of the environmental perceptions, attitudes, and awareness of city dwellers regarding sustainable urban environmental management: a case study of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Environ Dev Sustain. 2022 May 4;1-29. doi: 10.1007/s10668-022-02354-y. Online ahead of print.


Environmental problems are very concerning, particularly in many cities of developing countries, because they obstruct the creation of a sustainable urban environment. Dhaka, Bangladesh was chosen as the research area of this study, as Bangladesh is a developing country with pollution; moreover, the level of residents' environmental perception was assessed, and their environmental attitudes and awareness were examined in relation to their demographic characteristics. A face-to-face questionnaire survey involving 400 respondents was conducted across various zones of the study area. The mean score, standard deviation, and p value of each respondent's answer were calculated separately using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Then, a grand mean, average standard deviation, and combined p values for environmental perception and attitude themes were computed theme-wise. Descriptive statistics were produced to illustrate the respondents' level of environmental awareness. The study results revealed that the respondents had a moderate to high level of perceived knowledge about the causes and effects of environmental pollution. They also had an intention to reduce the environmental pollution in their surroundings. The score differences (p < .05) across the age groups, education levels, occupation types, and income groups were nearly all significant, except for those pertaining to the gender of the respondents. Surprisingly, only 18% of the respondents were aware of their home's and neighborhood's garbage management procedures. It is urgent to influence citizens' environmental behaviors to ensure the city's long-term sustainability. This study's findings can be used in decision-making processes regarding sustainable urban environments worldwide.

Keywords: Environmental education; Environmental knowledge; Environmental management; Environmental pollution; Environmentally friendly behavior; Sustainable city.