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. 1986 Dec;100(6):1583-94.
doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a121866.

Analysis of Escherichia Coli Ribosomal Proteins by an Improved Two Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis. I. Detection of Four New Proteins

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Analysis of Escherichia Coli Ribosomal Proteins by an Improved Two Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis. I. Detection of Four New Proteins

A Wada. J Biochem. .
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Abstract

Kaltschmidt and Wittmann's two dimensional gel electrophoresis was improved in the following points. Preruns using radical scavengers were carried out to eliminate free radicals remaining in gels. Gelation of sample solutions was not performed to avoid immobilization of proteins in the sample gels. Instead, for preparing sample gels, prior to the first dimension (1-D) electrophoresis, another electrophoresis was performed to charge proteins into gel pieces polymerized previously. Proteins migrated together with charged reductants to avoid formation of artificial disulfide bridges during migration. The second dimension (2-D) electrophoresis was carried out at a more acidic pH, 3.6, to get better separation of very small and basic proteins. With these modifications, quantitative yield and reproducibility became better, and many faint spots disappeared not only at the high molecular weight side but also in the region containing primary spots of ribosomal proteins. The proportionality of the migration distance to the logarithm of molecular weight was also increased. On the improved 2-D electrophoretogram of Escherichia coli ribosomal proteins, four new spots, called protein A, B, C, and D, were found in the basic region. Proteins A, B, and C belong to 50S subunits but D to 30S. Their molecular weights were determined electrophoretically as 6,400, 4,900, 8,200, and 5,900, respectively. Their copy numbers in crude ribosomes were estimated to be 0.6, 0.4, 0.3, and 0.1, respectively, by using 14C-labeling.

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