Association of Polymorphisms in miR146a, an Inflammation-Associated MicroRNA, with the Risk of Idiopathic Recurrent Spontaneous Miscarriage: A Case-Control Study

Dis Markers. 2022 Apr 30:2022:1495082. doi: 10.1155/2022/1495082. eCollection 2022.


It has been established that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of immune responses and serve as biomarkers of inflammatory diseases as well as recurrent spontaneous miscarriage (RSM). Herein, we aimed to study the relationship between three functional miR146a gene polymorphisms with idiopathic RSM (IRSM) susceptibility. We recruited 161 patients with IRSM and 177 healthy women with at least one live birth and without a history of abortion. Genotyping was performed using RFLP-PCR and ARMS-PCR methods. We found that the rs6864584 T/C decreased the risk of IRSM under dominant TT+TC vs. CC (OR = 0.029) and allelic C vs. T (OR = 0.028) contrast models. Regarding rs2961920 A/C and rs57095329 A/G polymorphisms, the enhanced risk of IRSM was observed under different genetic contrasted models, including the codominant CC vs. AA (OR = 2.81 for rs2961920) and codominant GG vs. AA (OR = 2.36 for rs57095329). After applying a Bonferroni correction, haplotype analysis revealed a 51% decreased risk of IRSM regarding the ACA genotype combination. This is the first study reporting that miR146a rs57095329 A/G, rs2961920A/C, and rs6864584 T/C polymorphisms are associated with the risk of IRSM in a southern Iranian population. Performing replicated case-control studies on other ethnicities is warranted to outline the precise effects of the studied variants on the risk of gestational trophoblastic disorders.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Habitual* / genetics
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Iran
  • MicroRNAs* / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Pregnancy


  • MIRN146 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs