Cannabis and Cannabinoids in the Perioperative Period

Anesth Analg. 2024 Jan 1;138(1):16-30. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000006070. Epub 2023 May 13.


Cannabis use is increasingly common, and with a growing number of jurisdictions implementing legalization frameworks, it is likely that providers will encounter more patients who use cannabis. Therefore, it is important for providers to understand the implications of cannabis use and practical considerations for the perioperative period. Cannabis affects multiple organ systems and may influence intraoperative anesthesia, as well as postoperative pain management. The effects of cannabis and key anesthetic considerations are reviewed here.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthetics*
  • Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists
  • Cannabinoids* / adverse effects
  • Cannabis* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Perioperative Period


  • Anesthetics
  • Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists
  • Cannabinoids