Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy R9 due to a Novel Complex Insertion/Duplication Variant in FKRP Gene

Child Neurol Open. 2022 Apr 28:9:2329048X221097518. doi: 10.1177/2329048X221097518. eCollection 2022 Jan-Dec.


Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy R9 (LGMD2I, LGMDR9) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by pathogenic variants in the fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene. We describe a 17 year old boy with LGMDR9 whose symptoms began at age 5 years. Muscle histopathology, immunostaining, and western blotting were consistent with a dystroglycanopathy. Genetic testing identified maternal inheritance of the most common pathogenic FKRP variant c.826C>A (p.L276I). Also detected was a novel insertion and duplication on the paternally inherited FKRP allele: a single nucleotide insertion (c.948_949insC) and an eighteen nucleotide duplication (c.999_1017dup18) predicted to result in premature translation termination (p.E389*). Based on the clinical features and course of the patient, heterozygosity for the common pathogenic FKRP variant, and abnormal glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan, we suggest that the novel FKRP insertion and duplication are pathogenic. This case expands the genetic heterogeneity of LGMDR9 and emphasize the importance of muscle biopsy for precise diagnosis.

Keywords: LGMD 21; FKRP; LGMD; dystroglycanopathy; weakness.

Publication types

  • Case Reports