Platelet Rich Plasma Injections for Knee Osteoarthritis Treatment: A Prospective Clinical Study

J Clin Med. 2022 May 8;11(9):2640. doi: 10.3390/jcm11092640.


Background: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injections in patients affected by knee osteoarthritis (KOA). An autologous blood product containing a high percentage of various growth factors (GFs), cytokines and modulating factors as PRP has shown promising results in achieving this goal. Methods: One hundred and fifty-three patients (72 males, mean age 59.06 ± 8.78, range 40−81 years old) from January 2018 to January 2020 received three consecutive PRP injections and completed the follow ups. Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), Knee society score (KSS) and Visual Analogic Scale (VAS) were evaluated before PRP injection (T0), one month (T1), three months (T2) and six months (T3) after the treatment. All patients underwent baseline and at 6 months MRI and X-ray evaluation. Results: A statistically significant VAS, KSS and WOMAC reduction emerged in the comparison between evaluations (p < 0.05), MRI demonstrated non-statistically significant improvement in cartilage thickness for both tibial plate and femoral plate (p = 0.46 and p = 0.33 respectively), and no radiographic changes could be seen in any patients. Conclusions: PRP injection represents a valid conservative treatment to reduce pain, improve quality of life and functional scores even at midterm of 6 months follow-up.

Keywords: biologic therapy; cartilage; knee injection; knee osteoarthritis (KOA); plateled riched plasma (PRP).

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.