Although we mostly think of αβ T cells as components of the adaptive immune system, a number of them differentiate into alternative lineages. These lineages express TCRs with limited diversity, and functionally bridge the gap between innate and adaptive immunity. They tend to be tissue resident, and mount potent cytokine responses very rapidly after activation, and their development and functional maturation are strongly influenced by the microbiome. Here, we compare the development pathways and interactions with the microbiome of natural killer T (NKT) cells and mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT cells), the two best studied "innate-like" αβ T cell populations.
Keywords: Development; Innate lymphocytes; MAIT; Microbiome; NKT.
© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.