Carrier-Envelope Phase-Dependent Strong-Field Excitation

Phys Rev Lett. 2022 Apr 29;128(17):173201. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.173201.


We present a joint experimental-theoretical study on the effect of the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of a few-cycle pulse on the atomic excitation process. We focus on the excitation rates of argon at intensities in the transition between the multiphoton and tunneling regimes. Through numerical simulations, we show that the resulting bound-state population is highly sensitive to both the intensity and the CEP. The experimental data clearly agree with the theoretical prediction, and the results encourage the use of precisely tailored laser fields to coherently control the strong-field excitation process. We find a markedly different behavior for the CEP-dependent bound-state population at low and high intensities with a clear boundary, which we attribute to the transition from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime.