Brent Crude Oil Price Forecast Utilizing Deep Neural Network Architectures

Comput Intell Neurosci. 2022 May 5:2022:6140796. doi: 10.1155/2022/6140796. eCollection 2022.


Brent crude oil is considered as one of the most important sources of crude oil pricing in the worldwide market, and it is used to set the price of two-thirds of the traded crude oil supplies in the world. To predict the price of Brent crude oil, LSTM and Bi-LSTM methods are applied, which are the architecture of the recursive neural network. Initially, the database creates the appropriate data for the period January 2015 to March 2021 from Brent crude oil price signals and daily data from a financial market, and then, the modeling process is performed via the use of MATLAB software. Also, about 90% of the data are for training and the remaining for validation and comparison. Using LSTM and Bi-LSTM neural networks, the network architecture has been worked on, and by adding the number of layers and changing the solvers (SGDM, RMSProp, and Adam), the errors of different models are compared with each other. Nonlinear techniques of artificial neural networks and deep learning were used for modeling. Then, the network architecture was worked on and the model error rate was evaluated by comparing different layers and solvents such as SGDM, RMSProp, and Adam. The superiority of SGDM solvent over others was shown, and finally, it can be mentioned as the superior method of modeling of price forecasting in Brent crude oil field. The results show that the model with two layers of LSTM and SGDM solver has less error and better accuracy.

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Factual
  • Forecasting
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Petroleum*


  • Petroleum