Effects of vaccination status in the United States on willingness to undergo surgery during a pandemic: A prospective survey study

Vaccine. 2022 Jun 9;40(26):3536-3539. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.05.013. Epub 2022 May 14.


Purpose of the research: Modifiable and non-modifiable patient and hospital characteristics may affect willingness to undergo surgery during a pandemic. We hypothesized that vaccination of hospital staff and patients, type of surgery, and length of stay, would affect willingness to undergo a surgical procedure. 2006 adult participants in the United States were recruited electronically using Amazon's ® Mechanical Turk ® and answered a 26-item survey in English about hypothetical surgery, manipulating requirements for: staff vaccination, patient vaccination, surgical urgency, and time in hospital. They also answered questions about their opinions about vaccination, personal vaccination status, and demographics.

Principle results: Participants are more willing to undergo surgery if they have been vaccinated, if staff vaccinations are required, and if surgery is lifesaving and outpatient.

Major conclusions: Willingness to undergo surgery varies with hospital staff and patient vaccination. This may inform policies for vaccination, boosters, and resource allocation.

Keywords: Pandemic; Surgery; Vaccine hesitancy; Vaccine policy; Vaccine public opinion; Vaccine wariness.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • COVID-19*
  • Humans
  • Pandemics* / prevention & control
  • Prospective Studies
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • United States
  • Vaccination