From 1973 to 1983, 248 bronchoplastic and angioplastic operations were carried out in patients with bronchial cancer. The five-year survival rate of all radically operated patients (stages I and II, n = 108) was 35%. The three-year survival rate in bronchial sleeve resection in stages I and II (n = 46) was 46%. The thirty-day lethality in stages I and II was 9% in bronchial sleeve resection and 5% in combined bronchial and vascular sleeve resections. Indications, surgical technique and complications are discussed.