The effect of melatonin on the mouse ameloblast-lineage cell line ALCs

Sci Rep. 2022 May 17;12(1):8225. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-11912-3.

Abstract

Melatonin plays a critical role in promoting the proliferation of osteoblasts and the growth and development of dental papilla cells. However, the effect and mechanism of melatonin on the growth and development of ALCs still need to be explored. CCK8 assay was used for the evaluation of cell numbers. qRT-PCR was used to identify the differentially expressed genes in ALCs after melatonin treatment. The number and morphology of ALCs were investigated by confocal microscopy. Alkaline phosphatase assay and Alizarin red S staining were used for measuring mineralization. Then, we focused on observing the crucial factors of the signaling pathway by RNA-seq and qRT-PCR. Melatonin limited the cell number of ALCs in a dose-dependent manner and promoted the production of actin fibers. A high concentration of melatonin significantly promoted the mRNA levels of enamel matrix proteins and the formation of mineralized nodules. RNA-seq data showed that Wnt signaling pathway may be involved in the differentiation of ALCs under the influence of melatonin. This study suggests that melatonin plays a regulatory role in the cell number, differentiation, and mineralization of the ALCs, and then shows the relationship between the Wnt signaling pathway with the ALCs under melatonin.

MeSH terms

  • Ameloblasts* / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Melatonin* / metabolism
  • Melatonin* / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Osteoblasts / metabolism
  • Osteogenesis
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway

Substances

  • Melatonin

Grant support