Transarterial chemoembolization of unresectable renal cell carcinoma with doxorubicin-loaded CalliSpheres drug-eluting beads

Sci Rep. 2022 May 17;12(1):8136. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-12334-x.


The safety and efficacy of drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) for unresectable renal cell carcinoma (RCC) still unknown. We aimed to assess the feasibility, safety and clinical efficacy of DEB-TACE with doxorubicin-loaded CalliSpheres beads (CB) in patients with unresectable RCC. Between 2016 and 2020, thirty-five patients with unresectable RCC underwent DEB-TACE with doxorubicin-loaded CB. The objective response rate (ORR) was the primary endpoint, and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were the secondary endpoints. Fifteen-seven times of DEB-TACE were performed in 35 patients using doxorubicin-loaded (median 60 mg) CB. Fifteen patients underwent an additional session of DEB-TACE, with intervals of 1 to 1.5 months. Twenty-one patients underwent transarterial infusion with cisplatin or oxaliplatin before DEB-TACE. The median follow-up time was 9.0 months (Range 1.8-43.6 months). ORR and DCR were 47.1% and 94.1%, 29.0% and 87.1%, 23.1% and 84.6% respectively at 1-, 3-, and 6- months after DEB-TACE. The median PFS was 21.4 months, and the 3-, 6- and 12- month PFS rates were 84.7%, 73.7% and 62.3%, respectively. The median OS was 24.6 months, and the 3-, 6- and 12- month OS rates were 93.9%, 87.6% and 65.2%, respectively. There were no treatment-related deaths or severe adverse events of grade 3 or more. In conclusion, DEB-TACE with doxorubicin-loaded CB is a safe, feasible and effective palliative treatment option for patients with unresectable RCC.

MeSH terms

  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular* / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / drug therapy
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / etiology
  • Chemoembolization, Therapeutic* / adverse effects
  • Doxorubicin / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / chemically induced
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Liver Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Liver Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Doxorubicin