Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplant Utilization in Relapsed/Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Population-Level Analysis of Statewide Claims Data

JCO Clin Cancer Inform. 2022 May;6:e2100135. doi: 10.1200/CCI.21.00135.

Abstract

Purpose: Although hematologic malignancies affect adults of all ages, few data exist on the real-world patterns of care for patients younger than 65 years in the United States. Understanding patterns of care from diagnosis through relapsed disease may provide insight about care across community and academic centers. We used a large statewide claims database to describe the path of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treatment among adults age < 65 years at diagnosis.

Methods: We defined a cohort of commercially insured patients with HL who underwent hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) from 2009 to 2013 in the Massachusetts All-Payer Claims Database (APCD). The primary goals of our study were to accurately identify patients and their treatment patterns who had relapsed/refractory HL and underwent HSCT. We also characterized time to treatment failure and overall survival.

Results: A total of 7,613 patients had International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnostic codes for HL. From our algorithm, we identified 117 patients as part of the final cohort who underwent autologous and/or allogeneic HSCT. Median age was 39.0 years and 50.4% were female. Initial therapy was identified for 68 of the 117 patients (58.1%). Most (> 74.4%) of the identified transplants were autologous, and 19 patients (16.2%) underwent allogeneic transplant, with or without prior autologous transplant. Of the 68 patients with initial therapy data, the median time to HSCT after completion of initial treatment was 223.5 days (Q1 = 151.5, Q3 = 414.5).

Conclusion: We used the Massachusetts APCD to create a cohort of patients age < 65 years with relapsed/refractory HL. Our findings support the use of APCD for the large-scale analysis of patient characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcomes for young adult patients with hematologic malignancies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Hematologic Neoplasms*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation*
  • Hodgkin Disease* / diagnosis
  • Hodgkin Disease* / epidemiology
  • Hodgkin Disease* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy
  • Transplantation, Autologous
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult