Challenges and Facilitators of Using Smartphones in Educational Activities: Medical and Nursing Students' Perspective

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2022 May 16;293:234-241. doi: 10.3233/SHTI220375.


Background: Todays, smartphone technologies and applications are used in the medical and nursing fields. Medical and nursing students are among the groups in which the use of these tools is observed.

Objectives: To investigate their views on the barriers and facilitators of the use of these technologies.

Methods: Four hundred people (200 people from each group) were invited randomly. A questionnaire was used to collect data. To collect data, hospitals were referred and the questionnaires were provided to students and after completion, they were collected. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software and descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: The most important barriers from the students' view included internet problems in the university or hospital, lack of technical support for this technology in the hospital or university, the quality of existing applications, lack of appropriate Apps in the local language, non-introduction of appropriate Apps and not knowing the right Apps. The most important facilitators were the appropriate support services in the university or hospital, placing the appropriate Apps on the department or university website, designing native Apps with the participation of experts, and introducing the appropriate Apps by professors or universities.

Conclusion: The use of Apps is increasing among medical and nursing students. In this regard, attention to the existing barriers and their elimination and strengthening the facilitators, and providing the necessary technical and educational infrastructure to facilitate the useful applications should be considered by decision-makers.

Keywords: Medical Education; Mobile Applications; Mobile Technology; Nursing Education.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate* / methods
  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate* / standards
  • Education, Nursing* / methods
  • Education, Nursing* / standards
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Internet Access
  • Mobile Applications* / standards
  • Random Allocation
  • Smartphone*
  • Students, Medical*
  • Students, Nursing*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities