Knee biomechanics and total knee replacement

J Arthroplasty. 1986;1(3):211-9. doi: 10.1016/s0883-5403(86)80033-x.


The biomechanics of the knee joint provide an important basis for the rationale in the design and selection of appropriate total knee arthroplasty. This article examines knee biomechanics in terms of patient function, prosthesis design, cruciate ligament retention, alignment, and fixation of the tibial component. While design and surgical technique for total knee replacement progress, a better understanding of the characteristics of joint loading, stress distribution, and the biologic response of bone to stress will provide the potential to improve both function and implant longevity.

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cementation
  • Femur / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Knee Joint / surgery
  • Knee Prosthesis*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Tibia / physiopathology