m 6 Am methyltransferase PCIF1 is essential for aggressiveness of gastric cancer cells by inhibiting TM9SF1 mRNA translation

Cell Discov. 2022 May 21;8(1):48. doi: 10.1038/s41421-022-00395-1.

Abstract

PCIF1 (phosphorylated CTD interacting factor 1) is the first reported RNA N6,2'-O-dimethyladenosine (m6Am) methyltransferase. However, the pathological significance of PCIF1 and m6Am modification remains unknown. Here we find that both PCIF1 expression and m6Am modification are significantly elevated in gastric cancer tissues. Increased PCIF1 is associated with gastric cancer progression, and predicts poor prognosis. Silence of PCIF1 inhibits the proliferation and invasion of gastric cancer cells, and suppresses tumor growth and metastasis in mouse model. m6Am-seq analysis reveals TM9SF1 (transmembrane 9 superfamily member 1) as a target of PCIF1. PCIF1 modifies TM9SF1 mRNA with m6Am leading to decreased TM9SF1 translation. TM9SF1 reverses the effects of PCIF1 on gastric cancer cell aggressiveness. Collectively, our work uncovers an oncogenic function of PCIF1, providing insights into the critical role of m6Am modification in cancer progression.