High-quality cutaneous wound healing is associated with rapid wound closure and a comfortable healing process. Currently, exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells displayed a prominent therapeutic effect on skin wound closure. But the therapeutic approaches for wound itching are very limited in clinical. Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) may offer a unique exosome resource for cell-free therapeutics in potential clinical applications. Here, we investigated the common mechanisms underlying wound closure and unpleasant sensation of itching, focusing on the contribution of the SHED-derived exosome to immune response and wound itching during healing. The effects of SHED-derived exosomes on inflammatory wound healing were examined using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced wounds in a mouse model. We found prolonged inflammation and distinct itch responses in skin wound tissue during LPS-induced wound healing. SHED-derived exosomes facilitated LPS-induced wound closure and relieved wound itching. Therefore, they are ideal for the treatment of wound healing. Macrophages in skin wound tissues are responsible for autophagy during wound healing. Macrophage autophagy also regulates cell proliferation, migration, and neuronal signal transduction in vitro. SHED-derived exosomes containing miR-1246 enhanced autophagy by regulating macrophage function through the AKT, ERK1/2, and STAT3 signaling pathways. Thus, SHED-derived exosomes promote wound healing with less itching in an LPS-induced wound model by stimulating macrophage autophagy, which has implications for the treatment of inflammatory wound healing.
Keywords: Exosomes; Human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED); Itching; Macrophages; Wound healing.
© 2022. The Author(s).