Objective: To examine rates of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), mechanical thrombectomy (MT), door-to-needle (DTN) time, door-to-puncture (DTP) time, and functional outcome between patients with admission magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) versus computed tomography (CT).
Methods: An observational cohort study of consecutive patients using a target trial design within the nationwide Swiss-Stroke-Registry from January 2014 to August 2020 was carried out. Exclusion criteria included MRI contraindications, transferred patients, and unstable or frail patients. Multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression with multiple imputation was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for IVT, MT, DTN, DTP, and good functional outcome (mRS 0-2) at 90 days.
Results: Of the 11,049 patients included (mean [SD] age, 71  years; 4,811 [44%] women; 69% ischemic stroke, 16% transient ischemic attack, 8% stroke mimics, 6% intracranial hemorrhage), 3,741 (34%) received MRI and 7,308 (66%) CT. Patients undergoing MRI had lower National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (median [interquartile range] 2 [0-6] vs 4 [1-11]), and presented later after symptom onset (150 vs 123 min, p < 0.001). Admission MRI was associated with: lower adjusted odds of IVT (aOR 0.83, 0.73-0.96), but not with MT (aOR 1.11, 0.93-1.34); longer adjusted DTN (+22 min [13-30]), but not with longer DTP times; and higher adjusted odds of favorable outcome (aOR 1.54, 1.30-1.81).
Interpretation: We found an association of MRI with lower rates of IVT and a significant delay in DTN, but not in DTP and rates of MT. Given the delays in workflow metrics, prospective trials are required to show that tissue-based benefits of baseline MRI compensate for the temporal benefits of CT. ANN NEUROL 2022;92:184-194.
© 2022 The Authors. Annals of Neurology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Neurological Association.