Transcriptome data for Hevea brasiliensis associated with powdery Mildew infection

Data Brief. 2022 May 11;42:108254. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2022.108254. eCollection 2022 Jun.


The Hevea brasiliensis or rubber tree belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family and is the only economically viable natural rubber source worldwide. The development of enhanced rubber tree clones with agronomically important traits is critical due to the growing demand for natural rubber around the world. Throughout the years, numerous disease-causing pathogens of H. brasiliensis have been identified and studied. One of the more prominent diseases affecting H. brasiliensis is powdery mildew caused by Oidium heveae. Oidium heveae primarily infects the newly formed leaves and buds of H. brasiliensis. Severe Oidium heveae infections cause extensive defoliation and yield loss. We performed RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) for healthy and O. heveae-infected leaf tissues from RRIM 2025 and RRIM 929 rubber tree clones using the Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform. RNA-Seq generated 92007684 (12.9 GB) and 96070286 (13.5 GB) paired raw reads for healthy H. brasiliensis clones RRIM 2025 and RRIM 929 respectively. Similarly, RNA-Seq generated 93747858 (13.2 GB) and 93324564 (13.1 GB) paired raw reads for disease-infected H. brasiliensis clones RRIM 2025 and RRIM 929 respectively. The raw data were deposited in the NCBI under bio-project accession number PRJNA723431. The raw reads were quality trimmed and the reference-based transcriptome assembly was generated using the H. brasiliensis genome (ASM165405v1). The data were used to identify between the significantly differentially expressed genes of the healthy and diseased samples.

Keywords: Hevea brasiliensis; Oidium heveae; Pathogen resistance; RNA-Seq; Transcriptomics.