A Molecular Landscape of Mouse Hippocampal Neuromodulation

Front Neural Circuits. 2022 May 6;16:836930. doi: 10.3389/fncir.2022.836930. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Adaptive neuronal circuit function requires a continual adjustment of synaptic network parameters known as "neuromodulation." This process is now understood to be based primarily on the binding of myriad secreted "modulatory" ligands such as dopamine, serotonin and the neuropeptides to G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that, in turn, regulate the function of the ion channels that establish synaptic weights and membrane excitability. Many of the basic molecular mechanisms of neuromodulation are now known, but the organization of neuromodulation at a network level is still an enigma. New single-cell RNA sequencing data and transcriptomic neurotaxonomies now offer bright new lights to shine on this critical "dark matter" of neuroscience. Here we leverage these advances to explore the cell-type-specific expression of genes encoding GPCRs, modulatory ligands, ion channels and intervening signal transduction molecules in mouse hippocampus area CA1, with the goal of revealing broad outlines of this well-studied brain structure's neuromodulatory network architecture.

Keywords: GPCR (G protein-coupled receptor); hippocampus; ion channel; mouse; neuromodulation; single-cell RNA-Seq; transcriptome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Hippocampus* / physiology
  • Ion Channels / metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Mice
  • Neurons* / physiology
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism

Substances

  • Ion Channels
  • Ligands
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled