Prediction and Diagnosis of Respiratory Disease by Combining Convolutional Neural Network and Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory Methods

Front Public Health. 2022 May 4;10:881234. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.881234. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Objective: Based on the respiratory disease big data platform in southern Xinjiang, we established a model that predicted and diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchiectasis, pulmonary embolism and pulmonary tuberculosis, and provided assistance for primary physicians.

Methods: The method combined convolutional neural network (CNN) and long-short-term memory network (LSTM) for prediction and diagnosis of respiratory diseases. We collected the medical records of inpatients in the respiratory department, including: chief complaint, history of present illness, and chest computed tomography. Pre-processing of clinical records with "jieba" word segmentation module, and the Bidirectional Encoder Representation from Transformers (BERT) model was used to perform word vectorization on the text. The partial and total information of the fused feature set was encoded by convolutional layers, while LSTM layers decoded the encoded information.

Results: The precisions of traditional machine-learning, deep-learning methods and our proposed method were 0.6, 0.81, 0.89, and F1 scores were 0.6, 0.81, 0.88, respectively.

Conclusion: Compared with traditional machine learning and deep-learning methods that our proposed method had a significantly higher performance, and provided precise identification of respiratory disease.

Keywords: convolutional neural network; long-short-term memory network; medical records; predictive diagnosis; respiratory disease.

MeSH terms

  • Machine Learning
  • Memory, Short-Term*
  • Neural Networks, Computer*