Exosomes, a type of extracellular vesicles (EVs), are secreted by almost all cells and contain many cellular constituents, such as nucleic acids, lipids, and metabolites. In addition, they play a crucial role in intercellular communication and have been proved to be involved in the development and treatment of gastrointestinal cancer. It has been confirmed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) exert a range of biological functions, such as cell metastasis, tumorigenesis, and therapeutic responses. This review mainly focused on the emerging roles and underlying molecular mechanisms of exosome-derived lncRNAs in gastrointestinal cancer in recent years. The biological roles of exosomal lncRNAs in the pathogenesis and therapeutic responses of gastrointestinal cancers were also investigated.
Keywords: exosome; gastrointestinal cancer; lncRNAs; pathogenesis; treatment.
Copyright © 2022 Kang, Jiang, Ouyang, Wu, Fu, Liu, Li, Tian, Cao, Wang and He.