Purpose: This study explores the biomechanics underlying the sit-to-stand (STS) functional maneuver in chronic LBP patients to understand how different spinal disorders and levels of pain severity relate to unique compensatory biomechanical behaviors. This work stands to further our understanding of the relationship between spinal loading and symptoms in LBP patients.
Methods: We collected in-clinic motion data from 44 non-specific LBP (NS-LBP) and 42 spinal deformity LBP (SD-LBP) patients during routine clinical visits. An RGB-depth camera tracked 3D joint positions from the frontal view during unassisted, repeated STS maneuvers. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for back pain (VAS) and low back disability (ODI) were collected during the same clinical visit.
Results: Between patient groups, SD-LBP patients had 14.3% greater dynamic sagittal vertical alignment (dSVA) and 10.1% greater peak spine torque compared to NS-LBP patients (p < 0.001). SD-LBP patients also had 11.8% greater hip torque (p < 0.001) and 86.7% greater knee torque (p = 0.04) compared to NS-LBP patients. There were no significant differences between patient groups in regard to anterior or vertical torso velocities, but anterior and vertical torso velocities correlated with both VAS (r = - 0.38, p < 0.001) and ODI (r = - 0.29, p = 0.01). PROs did not correlate with other variables.
Conclusion: Patients with LBP differ in movement biomechanics during an STS transfer as severity of symptoms may relate to different compensatory strategies that affect spinal loading. Further research aims to establish relationships between movement and PROs and to inform targeted rehabilitation approaches.
Keywords: Biomechanics; Low back pain; Motion analysis.
© 2022. The Author(s).