Type 4 Ileal Atresia and Anorectal Malformation in a Neonate: A Rare Association

Cureus. 2022 Apr 19;14(4):e24295. doi: 10.7759/cureus.24295. eCollection 2022 Apr.

Abstract

Anorectal malformations and jejunoileal atresias are common causes of intestinal obstruction in neonates. Both have their own set of associated anomalies but it is extremely rare for the two to co-occur in the same patient. In this case report, we detail and describe this unusual incidence in a three-day-old neonate who was provisionally diagnosed with a case of simple imperforate anus. Per-op findings showed a type 4 Ileal atresia and an ileostomy was then created. Our experience stresses the importance of timely antenatal diagnosis and the presence of a high index of suspicion when encountering such patients. Both factors are key and crucial in determining the outcome and post-op course of the patient.

Keywords: imperforate anus; jejunoileal atresia; neonatal intestinal obstruction; pediatric surgery; pelvic kidney.

Publication types

  • Case Reports