This is the first report in an adolescent of minimal change disease (MCD) after the first injection of the BNT162b2 COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech) with complete remission following steroid treatment. An 18-year-old white male with no prior medical history complained of gastrointestinal symptoms 11 days after his vaccination. Ascites and lower extremity edema were observed a few days later. He was admitted to a hospital as laboratory testing revealed proteinuria of 10.5 g/24 h, normal creatinine levels, and serum albumin of 1.8 g/dL, confirming the presence of nephrotic syndrome. Immunology and serology tests were unremarkable. A diagnostic kidney biopsy showed no significant glomerular or tubular abnormalities in light microscopy with negative immunofluorescence. Treatment with methylprednisolone 48 mg daily was initiated. A week after discharge, proteinuria declined to 1.2 g/24 h, and edema had disappeared, and 6 weeks later, complete remission was evident. As COVID-19 vaccination has been associated with the development of de novo and relapsing MCD, and this case provides additional support for this possible correlation.
Keywords: Coronavirus disease 2019; Minimal change disease; Nephrotic syndrome; mRNA-based coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine.
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