Non-legume plants such as rice and maize can form beneficial associations with plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) such as Herbaspirillum seropedicae and Azospirillum brasilense. Several studies have shown that these PGPB promote plant growth via multiple mechanisms. Our current understanding of the molecular aspects and signaling between plants like rice and PGPB like Herbaspirillum seropedicae is limited. In this study, we used an experimental system where H. seropedicae could colonize the plant roots and promote growth in wild-type rice. Using this experimental setup, we identified 1688 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in rice roots, 1 day post-inoculation (dpi) with H. seropedicae. Several of these DEGs encode proteins involved in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway, defense, hormone signaling pathways, and nitrate and sugar transport. We validated the expression pattern of some genes via RT-PCR. Next, we compared the DEGs identified in this study to those we previously identified in rice roots during associations with another PGPB, Azospirillum brasilense. We identified 628 genes that were differentially expressed during both associations. The expression pattern of these genes suggests that some of these are likely to play a significant role(s) during associations with both H. seropedicae and A. brasilense and are excellent targets for future studies.
© 2022. The Author(s).