Longitudinal dysphagia assessment in adult patients with nephropathic cystinosis using the Modified Barium Swallow Impairment Profile

Muscle Nerve. 2022 Aug;66(2):223-226. doi: 10.1002/mus.27642. Epub 2022 Jun 10.


Introduction/aims: Nephropathic cystinosis is a lysosomal storage disorder with known myopathic features, including dysphagia. Evaluation of oropharyngeal swallowing physiology can be standardized using the Modified Barium Swallow Impairment Profile (MBSImP), a validated assessment tool used to analyze and rate swallowing across 17 distinct physiologic domains. Our objective was to better characterize swallowing impairments in nephropathic cystinosis using MBSImP analysis.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 40 video fluoroscopic swallowing studies performed at two time points over 1 y in patients with nephropathic cystinosis with various levels of oral and pharyngeal stage dysphagia. Patients completed two self-administered dysphagia outcome measures (the M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory [MDADI] and the 10-item Eating Assessment Tool [EAT-10]).

Results: We demonstrated oral stage and pharyngeal stage dysphagia across domains that impacted bolus control, transit, and clearance through both the oral cavity and pharyngeal lumen. Also captured were deficits related to onset and completeness of laryngeal closure that impact airway protection during swallow. There were significant correlations between pharyngeal total score and EAT-10 (r = 0.5, p < 0.001) and between oral total score and EAT-10 (r = 0.7, p < 0.001), MDADI-e (r = -0.6, p < 0.001), MDADI-p (r = -0.5, p < 0.001) and MDADI-c (r = -0.6, p < 0.001). There were no differences in oral or pharyngeal total scores across the 1-y time span.

Discussion: This study identifies oral and pharyngeal stage dysphagia as crucial to patients with nephropathic cystinosis and paves the path for future studies of treatment targets.

Keywords: MBSImP; distal myopathy; dysphagia; nephropathic cystinosis; videofluoroscopy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Barium
  • Cystinosis* / complications
  • Cystinosis* / diagnostic imaging
  • Deglutition / physiology
  • Deglutition Disorders* / diagnostic imaging
  • Deglutition Disorders* / etiology
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Barium