The mechanisms underlying tumor immunosurveillance and their association with the immune-related adverse events (irAEs) associated with checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapies remain poorly understood. We describe a metastatic melanoma patient exhibiting multiple episodes of spontaneous disease regression followed by the development of several irAEs during the course of anti-programmed cell death protein 1 antibody immunotherapy. Whole-exome next-generation sequencing studies revealed this patient to harbor a pyrin inflammasome variant previously described to be associated with an atypical presentation of familial Mediterranean fever. This work highlights a potential role for inflammasomes in the regulation of tumor immunosurveillance and the pathogenesis of irAEs.
Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.