Development, validation, and implementation of a Short Breast Health Perception Questionnaire

BMC Public Health. 2022 May 27;22(1):1060. doi: 10.1186/s12889-022-13501-5.


Background: Health status and perception can be assessed by general or disease-specific questionnaires, and disease specific questionnaires are more specific than general questionnaires. Considering the importance of breast health perception (BHP) in women's lives and the lack of any pertinent questionnaires, we performed this study to develop a valid and reliable short BHP questionnaire (BHPQ); and then used it to assess the participants' BHP.

Methods: We first designed and developed the instrument and then measured its inter-rater agreement (IRA), content validity including content validity index (I-CVI) and scale content validity index (S-CVI), and reliability (through internal consistency and test-retest). We then evaluated the BHP of eligible women with normal breasts and benign breast disorders who attended our breast clinic.

Results: The IRA index (78.6%) showed the optimal relevance and clarity of the questionnaire. The content validity was acceptable; with S-CVIs of 87.35 and 84.42 for clarity and relevance, respectively. The internal reliability was high (Cronbach's alpha = 0.93). Three questions were eliminated for internal consistency (intraclass correlation coefficient < 0.7) but the rest of the questions showed good and excellent reliability. In the next step, BHP in the 350 eligible participants showed an overall score of 43.89 ± 9.09.

Conclusion: This study introduces a valid and reliable 11-item BHPQ. We propose its use in various circumstances throughout breast cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment; and in the assessment of BHP in various physiologic and reproductive situations.

Keywords: Beast Health; Content; Questionnaire; Reliability; Validity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Early Detection of Cancer*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Perception*
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires