Gene Polymorphism of Biotransformation Enzymes and Ciprofloxacin Pharmacokinetics in Pediatric Patients with Cystic Fibrosis

Biomedicines. 2022 May 2;10(5):1050. doi: 10.3390/biomedicines10051050.

Abstract

(1) Background: Ciprofloxacin (CPF) is widely used for the treatment of cystic fibrosis, including pediatric patients, but its pharmacokinetics is poorly studied in this population. Optimal CPF dosing in pediatric patients may be affected by gene polymorphism of the enzymes involved in its biotransformation. (2) Materials and Methods: a two-center prospective non-randomized study of CPF pharmacokinetics with sequential enrollment of patients (n-33, mean age 9.03 years, male-33.36%), over a period from 2016 to 2021. All patients received tablets of the original CPF drug Cyprobay® at a dose of 16.5 mg/kg to 28.80 mg/kg. Blood sampling schedule: 0 (before taking the drug), 1.5 h; 3.0 h; 4.5 h; 6.0 h; 7.5 h after the first dosing. CPF serum concentrations were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. The genotype of biotransformation enzymes was studied using total DNA isolated from whole blood leukocytes by the standard method. (4) Results: a possible relationship between the CA genotype of the CYP2C9 gene (c.1075A > C), the GG genotype of the CYP2D6*4 gene (1846G > A), the AG genotype of the GSTP1 gene (c.313A > G), the GCLC* genotype 7/7 and the CPF concentration in plasma (increased value of the area under the concentration-time curve) was established. Conclusions: Gene polymorphism of biotransformation enzymes may affect ciprofloxacin pharmacokinetics in children.

Keywords: biotransformation enzymes; children; ciprofloxacin; cystic fibrosis; genetic polymorphism; pharmacokinetics.

Grant support

This paper has been supported by the RUDN University Strategic Academic Leadership Program.