Multi-Frequency Intraoperative Monitoring of Hearing Preservation during Cochlear Implantation

Life (Basel). 2022 Apr 25;12(5):636. doi: 10.3390/life12050636.


(1) Background: Current indications for cochlear implants (CIs) have expanded to include patients with appreciable low-frequency hearing. However, longitudinal results indicate that only one-third of these recipients retain full hearing preservation. In another words, the remaining two-thirds lose this facility either partially or fully. This points to the need to better understand the impact of cochlear implantation on cochlear integrity. Intracochlear electrocochleography (ECochG) involves the recording of electrical potentials generated in the inner ear in response to acoustic stimuli, and previous studies have shown that these potentials give an indication of residual inner ear function. Aim of the research: The aim is to monitor intracochlear ECochG during CI surgery and gain a better understanding of how the implant impacted inner ear function. A newly developed SPL Chirp was used for stimulation. (2) Methods: Intracochlear ECochG signals were measured in a subject with residual preoperative low-frequency hearing, while an electrode array was introduced into the cochlea and was continued until the round window was sealed. Afterwards, surgical events were reviewed with the surgeon; preoperative and postoperative radiological data and hearing thresholds were also evaluated. (3) Conclusions: Real-time intraoperative monitoring, with multifrequency evaluation and video recording, has the potential to allow surgeons and audiologists to continuously assess cochlear function. ECochG monitoring may be a useful tool during cochlear implantation to gain frequency-specific information on the status of the patient's hearing, assisting surgeons to lower hearing trauma during the operation.

Keywords: cochlear implant; electrocochleography; partial deafness treatment (PDT).