SARS-CoV-2: Reinfection after 18 Months of a Previous Case with Multiple Negative Nasopharyngeal Swab Tests and Positive Fecal Molecular Test

Medicina (Kaunas). 2022 May 6;58(5):642. doi: 10.3390/medicina58050642.


This short communication describes the reinfection after nearly 18 months of the same patient who was previously infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and who showed multiple negative real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) results by nasal swabs for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) but positive results on a fecal sample. We previously noted how, in the presence of symptoms suggestive of pneumonia, visible on a chest computed tomography (CT) scan and confirmed by fecal molecular testing, it was possible to draw the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection. One year later, the same patient was again affected by SARS-CoV-2. This time, the first antigenic nasal swab showed readily positive results. However, the patient's clinical course appeared to be more attenuated, showing no signs of pulmonary involvement in the radiographic examinations performed. This case shows a novelty in the pulmonary radiological evaluation of new SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; chest; computed tomography; faecal swab; feces; nasopharyngeal swab; oropharyngeal swab; qRT-PCR; viral pneumonia.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / diagnosis
  • Feces
  • Humans
  • Nasopharynx
  • Reinfection*
  • SARS-CoV-2

Grant support

This research received no external funding.