We set out to test the hypothesis that home blood pressure reflects "baseline" pressures measured at a general practitioner's surgery or in a hospital outpatient clinic. Twenty patients detected hypertensive during screening in general practice and 30 patients referred to a hospital hypertension clinic for revision of therapy were studied. All were instructed in the use of an electronic semiautomatic sphygmomanometer and measured blood pressure at home for a three day period. Home monitored blood pressure correctly predicted those patients whose diastolic blood pressure fell to below 95 mmHg by the third clinic visit in approximately 90% of all patients. In addition, in those whose blood pressure was high at home it remained so at the clinic or surgery after three visits. These data suggest that home monitoring of blood pressure may be a helpful alternative to repeated clinic visits before embarking on medical therapy.