Advancing towards the implementation of patient-centred care in Chile: An opportunity to effectively practice shared decision-making

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes. 2022 Jun:171:30-35. doi: 10.1016/j.zefq.2022.04.022. Epub 2022 May 25.

Abstract

In Chile, local normative and guidelines place patient-centred care (PCC) as a desirable means and outcome for each level of health care. Thus, a definition of PCC is provided, and for the first time shared decision-making (SDM) is included as an intended practice. During the past five years the country has shown progress on the implementation of PCC. A large pilot study was conducted in one of the Metropolitan Health Services, and now the health authority is committed to escalate a PCC strategy nationwide. From the practice domain, most of the work is being placed on the training of health professionals. Patients' preparation for the clinical encounter is scarce, thereby limiting their potential to participate in their care. At the research domain, the country shows a strengthened agenda that has advanced from a diagnostic phase (including the exploration from social sciences) to a purposeful stage which involves the development of training programs, patient decision aids, international collaborations, and other PCC interventions. The country is now positioned to secure new initiatives to empower patients and allow them to take an active role, as a key component of PCC and SDM.

Keywords: Ausbildung; Chile; Entscheidungshilfen; Partizipative Entscheidungsfindung; Patient decision aids; Patient-centred care; Patientenzentrierte Versorgung; Shared decision-making; Training.

MeSH terms

  • Chile
  • Decision Making*
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Patient Participation*
  • Pilot Projects