Background: Patient self-assessment of knee function in end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) and following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) has become standard for defining disability. The relationship of PROMs to functional performance requires a continued investigation. The purpose of this study was to determine correlations between patient demographics, PROMs, and functional performances using a marker-less image capture system (MICS).
Methods: Patients indicated for elective TKA completed the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Score for Joint Replacement (KOOS-JR) and an office-based functional assessment using a MICS. Patient age, body mass index (BMI), and gender were collected. A total of 112 patients were enrolled. Their mean age was 65.0 (±9.7) years, mean BMI was 32.5 (±6.6) kg/m2, and mean KOOS-JR was 14.5 (±5.7). The relationships between patient characteristics, KOOS-JR, MICS Alignment (coronal), MICS Mobility (flexion), and composite Total Joint scores were described using Spearman's correlation coefficients.
Results: BMI was weakly correlated with KOOS-JR (ρ = -0.22, P = .024), whereas age was not. Age and BMI were not correlated with performance scores. There were weak to no correlations between KOOS-JR and MICS Alignment (ρ = -0.01, P = .951), Mobility (ρ = 0.33, P < .001), and Total Joint scores (ρ = 0.06, P = .504).
Conclusion: This study found no strong correlation between KOOS-JR and functional performance using a validated MICS for patients with end-stage knee OA. Further study is warranted in determining the relationship between PROMs and performance to optimize outcomes of patients undergoing nonoperative or surgical interventions for knee OA. The use of high-fidelity functional assessment tools that can be integrated into clinical workflow, such as the MICS used in this study, should permit PROM/functional performance comparisons in large populations.
Keywords: KOOS-JR; PROM; functional assessment; knee osteoarthritis; markerless image capture.
Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.