OSCILLATE: A low-rank approach for accelerated magnetic resonance elastography

Magn Reson Med. 2022 Oct;88(4):1659-1672. doi: 10.1002/mrm.29308. Epub 2022 Jun 1.


Purpose: MR elastography (MRE) is a technique to characterize brain mechanical properties in vivo. Due to the need to capture tissue deformation in multiple directions over time, MRE is an inherently long acquisition, which limits achievable resolution and use in challenging populations. The purpose of this work is to develop a method for accelerating MRE acquisition by using low-rank image reconstruction to exploit inherent spatiotemporal correlations in MRE data.

Theory and methods: The proposed MRE sampling and reconstruction method, OSCILLATE (Observing Spatiotemporal Correlations for Imaging with Low-rank Leveraged Acceleration in Turbo Elastography), involves alternating which k-space points are sampled between each repetition by a reduction factor, ROSC. Using a predetermined temporal basis from a low-resolution navigator in a joint low-rank image reconstruction, all images can be accurately reconstructed from a reduced amount of k-space data.

Results: Decomposition of MRE displacement data demonstrated that, on average, 96.1% of all energy from an MRE dataset is captured at rank L = 12 (reduced from a full rank of 24). Retrospectively undersampling data with ROSC = 2 and reconstructing at low-rank (L = 12) yields highly accurate stiffness maps with voxel-wise error of 5.8% ± 0.7%. Prospectively undersampled data at ROSC = 2 were successfully reconstructed without loss of material property map fidelity, with average global stiffness error of 1.0% ± 0.7% compared to fully sampled data.

Conclusions: OSCILLATE produces whole-brain MRE data at 2 mm isotropic resolution in 1 min 48 s.

Keywords: brain; elastography; joint image reconstruction; low-rank; viscoelasticity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Elasticity Imaging Techniques* / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Retrospective Studies