Effect of using vacutainers with cartoon characters on the pain and fear levels of preschoolers during bloodletting

J Paediatr Child Health. 2022 Sep;58(9):1571-1577. doi: 10.1111/jpc.16042. Epub 2022 Jun 3.


Aim: Our study aims to analyse the effect of using a vacutainer with cartoon characters on preschoolers' pain and fear levels during the bloodletting process.

Methods: The experimental, randomised controlled clinical trial was conducted with 102 children aged 3-6 years, randomised into control and experimental groups. The bloodletting routine was applied to the control group. The vacutainer of each child in the experimental group was covered with the illustration of their chosen cartoon character and blood was drawn with it. The fear and pain levels during the bloodletting procedure were examined in both groups.

Results: Pain and fear levels were significantly lower in the experimental group than in the experimental group (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Our research highlighted that using a cartoon character sticker with a vacutainer can reduce preschoolers' pain and fear during bloodletting.

Keywords: bloodletting; cartoon character vacutainer; distraction; fear; non-pharmacologic method; pain.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Bloodletting*
  • Child
  • Fear
  • Humans
  • Pain Management / methods
  • Pain*